Kerala PSC - Indian States (Madhya Pradesh)

Kerala PSC - Indian States (Madhya Pradesh)

Madhya Pradesh, (meaning Central Province) is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal and the largest city is Indore. Nicknamed the "heart of India" due to its geographical location in India,
Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest state in the country by area.
  • Year of formation : 1956, November 1 
  •  Capital : Bhopal 
  • Largest City : Indore 
  • Region : Central India 
  •  Districts : 51 
  •  Area : 308,245 km2 (119,014 sq mi) 
  •  Area rank in India : 2nd


  • Governor : Ram Naresh Yadav 
  •  Chief Minister : Shivraj Singh Chouhan 
  •  Legislature : Unicameral (230 seats) 
  •  High Court : Madhya Pradesh High Court, Jabalpur 
  • Official language(s) : Hindi

State Symbols

  • Animal : Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii, swamp deer) 
  • Bird : Dudhraj 
  • Fish : Mahseer 
  • Flower : White lily 
  • Fruit : Mango 
  •  Tree : Banyan

Historical Facts about Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Bharat state was created in 1950 by merging the British Central Province, Berar, Princely states of Makrai and chhattisgarh. Nagpur was declared the capital of this state. Along with Madya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal states were also created. In 1956 the Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal were merged and a new name of Madhya Pradesh was given. Capital of Madhya Pradesh was shifted from Nagpur to Bhopal. Nagpur region which was marathi dominated area was merged with Bombay state.

Important Facts/Points on Madhya Pradesh

  • High Court of Madhya Pradesh is situated at Jabalpur.
  • Madhya Pradesh is the first state in India to conduct election by Panchat Raj Act 1992.
  • Shares borders with 5 states
  • Madhya Pradesh is known as 'Tiger state' because one sixth of the world tiger population is here.
  • Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest area in India.
  • Madhya Pradesh has the largest scheduled tribe population among Indian states.
  • Kanha National Park and Indrawati Sanctuary are in Madhya Pradesh.
  • First newsprint factory in India is at Nepa Nagar.
  • Pithanpore near Indore is called Detroit of India.
  • Khajuraho, Ujjain, Sanchi etc. are tourist spots.
  • Largest diamond quarry is in Panna district of Madhya Pradesh.
  • The Union Carbide Factory where the 'Bhopal Gas Tragedy' took place on December 3, 1984 b the leakage of Methyl isocyanate is in Madhya Pradesh.
  • MP is known as the heart of India and shares borders with 5 states.
  • Security Paper Mill is at Hoshangabad and Bank Note Press is at Devas.
  • The state of Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh in 2000.
  • Kalidasa prize and Kabir prize are presented by the government of Madhya Pradesh.
  • The states concerned with the Sardar Sarovar Project : Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.

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