Kerala PSC - Leaders of Renaissance in Kerala - Chattampi Swamikal

  • Sree Vidyadhiraja Parama Bhattaraka Chattampi Swamikal was a Hindu sage and social reformer.
  • Chattampi Swamikal was born on 25 August 1853 at Kollur, a suburban village of Thiruvananthapuram in Southern Travancore.
  • His father was Vasudeva Sharma, a Namboothiri, from Mavelikkara and mother Nangamma a Nair woman from Kollur.
  • His childhood name was Ayyappan. But he was called by his pet name Kunjan by all and so was later known as Kunjan Pillai.
  • While learning at the ‘Patasala’ of Pettayil Raman Pillai asan, he was deputed as the ‘Chattampi’ (monitor) of the class. So later he came to be known as ‘Chattambi Swamikal’.
  • He denounced the orthodox interpretation of Hindu texts citing sources from the Vedas.
  • Swamikal believed that the different religions are different paths leading to the same place.
  • He promoted vegetarianism and professed non-violence (Ahimsa).
  • The place where Chattambi Swamikal acquired self realization Vadaveeswaram a village in in Tamil Nadu.
  • At Aniyoor Temple near Vamanapuram Chattampi Swami met another young man Nanu Asan who was in search of spiritual guidance.
  • By then Swami was well versed in yoga and spiritual matters and their meeting proved to be the start of a profound and cherished companionship, although the two were of different temperaments.
  • They lived and travelled for many months together. Later Swamikal took Nanu Asan, to his guru Thykkattu Ayyavu.
  • It was with Chattampi Swamikal that Narayana Guru made his first trip to Aruvippuram, which was chosen as Narayana Guru’s abode for meditation and spiritual activities.
  • Later Swami met Neelakanta Theerthapada a great Sanskri Scholar and Theerthapada Pramahamsa who established an ashram and also Theerthapada System for the line of snayasins following Swami’s teachings and methods.
  • Bodheswaran, Perunnelli Krishnan Vaidhyan, Velutheri Kesavan Vaidhyan, Kumbalath Sanku Pillai etc were grihastha disciples of Chattambi Swamikal.
  • He attained mahasamadhi on 5th August 1924 at Panmana in Kollam district.
  • Mortal remains of Chattampi Swamikal were enshrined at his Samadhistanam at Panmana. This site is today called Panmana Ashramam (Kollam district).
  • Vedadhikara Niroopanam, Prachina Malayalam, Adwaitha Chintha Paddhathi, Moksha Pradeepa Khandanam etc. are famous works of Chattambi Swamikal.

Important Questions on Chattampi Swamikal

1. Chattambi swami was born on : 25 August 1853
2. The place where Chattambi Swami was born: Kollur (Kannammoola)
3.The house name of Chattambi Swami : Ullorkodu Veedu
4. Chattambi Swami's Father name : Vasudeva Sharma
5. Chattambi Swami's Mother Name : Nangamma
6. Childhood name of Chattambi Swami was : Ayyappan
7. Real name 0r pet name of Chattambi Swami was : Kunjan pillai or Kunjan
8. The first Guru of Chattambi Swamikal : Pettayil Raman Pillai Assan
9. The Guru of Chattambi Swamikal : Thycadu Ayya
10. Chattambi Swami learned Hadayoga Vidya from : Thycadu Ayya
11. Who led Chattambi Swamikal to accept Hermitage : Subha Jata padikal
12. Chattambi Swami got Enlightenment at : Vadaveeswaram (Tamilnadu)
13. Who is known as "Sarva Vidyadirajan" : Chattambi Swami
14. After the attainment of Monkhood Chattambi Swami assumed the name : Shanmughadasan
15. who gave the name Shanmughadasan to Chattambi Swami : Thycadu Ayya
16. The Tamil Lecturer who taught Chattambi Swami Tamil Vedanta shastra : Swaminatha Desithar
17. The year which Chattambi Swamikal Visit Sree Narayana Guru : 1882
18. The place where Chattambi Swamikal met Sree Narayana Guru : Aniyoor temple
19. The book written by Sree Narayana Guru in the respect of Chattambi Swamikal : Navamanjari
20. The year which Chattambi Swamikal visited Swami Vivekanandan in : 1892(Ernakulam)
21. "I met a real man in Malabar"who said this lines about Chattambi Swami : Swami Vivekanandan
22. The work of Chattambi Swamikal which criticized Alathoor Sivayogi's Mokshapradeepam : Mokshapradeepa Khandanam
23. The year which Chattambi Swamikal attain Mahasamadhi : 5 may 1924
24. Who is known as "saint without saffron" : Chattambi Swamikal
25. Who is known as the Great Scholar Saint of Kerala : Chattambi Swamikal
26. The place where Chattambi Swamikal attain Mahasamadhi : Panmana (Kollam)
27. The temple built by Chattambi Swami's disciples at his resting place : Bala Bhattaraka Temple
28. Chattambi Swami is also Known as : Saravavidyathi Raja, Bala Bhattaraka
29. The year which Indian Postal department published stamp of Chattambi Swamikal : 30 April 2014

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