Kerala PSC - Indian States (Odisha)

Kerala PSC - Indian States (Odisha)

Odisha (formerly Orissa), an eastern Indian state on the Bay of Bengal, is known for its tribal cultures and its many ancient Hindu temples.
  • Year of formation : 1956, November 1 
  •  Capital : Bhubaneswar 
  • Largest City : Bhubaneswar 
  • Region : East India 
  •  Districts : 30 
  • Area : 155,820 km2 (60,160 sq mi) 
  • Area rank in India : 11th


  • Governor : S.C. Jamir 
  •  Chief Minister : Naveen Patnaik 
  • Legislature : Unicameral (147 seats) 
  • Parliamentary constituency : 21 Lok Sabha, 10 Rajya Sabha 
  • High Court : Odisha High Court, Cuttack 
  • Official language(s) : Odia

State Symbols

  • Song : Bande Utkala Janani
  • Dance : Odissi
  • Animal : Sambar
  • Bird : Indian Roller
  • Flower : Ashoka
  • Tree : Sacred fig

Important Facts/Points on Odisha

  • Orissa is renamed as Odisha in November 2011.
  • The biggest lake in Odisha is Chilka lake. There are two beautiful islands in the lake namely Parikud and Malud.
  • Rourkela steel plant is in Odisha.
  • Rourkela is the industrial capital of Odisha.
  • The Central Rice Research Institute is situated in Cuttack.
  • Puri and Konark (Sun Temple) are the major tourist attractions.
  • Bhubaneswar is known as the 'Temple City' and also the 'Cathedral City of India'.
  • Hirakud dam on Mahanadi is the longest dam in India and the fourth largest in the world.
  • Odissi is the classical dance form of Odisha.
  • 'Odia' language got classical status on 20th February 2014 (first Indo-Aryan language).
  • Gurhjat Hills and Mahendragiri are the principal mountains in the state.
  • Nandankanan Tiger Reserve is famous for white tiger.
  • Mahanadi is the major river in Odisha, and also known as 'Sorrow of Odisha'.
  • Paradweep is the major sea port of Odisha.
  • India's Missle launching station Chandipur, is situated in Wheeler Island.
  • Sambalpur in Odisha is famous for its Bauxite deposit.
  • The famous Goldmine Mayurbhanj is in Odisha.
  • Odisha is the first state to privatize the supply and distribution of electricity.
  • Odisha is the leading producer of Manganese in India.

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