Kerala PSC - Indian States (Bihar)

Kerala PSC - Indian States (Bihar)

Bihar is a state in East India. The third-largest state of India by population, it is also contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges which flows from west to east.
  • Year of formation : 1956, November I 
  • Capital : Patna 
  • Largest City : Patna 
  • Region : East India 
  • Districts : 38 
  • Area : 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi) 
  • Area rank in India : 12th


  • Governor : Ram Nath Kovind 
  • Chief Minister : Nitish Kumar 
  • Legislature : Bicameral (Legislative Council - 75, Legislative Assembly- 243) 
  • Parliamentary constituency : 40 
  • High Court : Patna High Court 
  • Official language(s) : Hindi 
  • Co-official languages : Urdu

State Symbols

  • Animal : Ox 
  • Bird : Sparrow 
  • Flower : Marigold 
  • Tree : Peepal 
  • River : Koshi

Important points about Bihar

  • Magadha was the old name of Bihar.
  • Famous ancient University of Nalanda is in Bihar.
  • Patna Airport has been given the name Lok Nayak Jayprakash Narayan.
  • Railway-Wagon Plant is at Muzaffarpur
  • Least literate state
  • Sorrow of Bihar : Koshi River
  • Patna was earlier known as Pataliputra.
  • Gaya (place where Buddha got enlightenment), Paapuri (the place of death of Mahavira) etc. are in Bihar
  • Jharkhand state was carved out of Bihar in 2000.
  • Sher Shah founded the city Patna.
  • Valmiki National Park is in Bihar.
  • Kosi river project is a collaborated project of India and Nepal.
  • Bihar is the most densly populated state in India.
  • The famous Mahatma Gandhi Setu was built across the river Ganga in Patna. It is the longest river bridge in India.
  • The National Inland Navigation Institute (NINI) is in Patna.
  • The first President of India (Rajendraprasad) and the first woman speaker of Lok Sabha (Meera Kumar) are belonged to Bihar.
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad is known as Bihar Gandhi.
  • The historic Champaran Satyagraha (1917) was held in Bihar.

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